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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

It has already been related how the Polish Communist Party had been
wiped from the face of the earth by the will of Moscow in 1937 (see Vol. I,
p. 105)5 a*1^ how all the Polish Communists who had stayed in Russia
had been shot sooner or later; it has also been recounted how any Russian
Communist who found himself on Polish territory during the war of
1939 received orders to sabotage the * impel ialist war.' Anyone fighting
against the German forces in Poland had then, according to Aloscows been
an agent of the* international capitalists and imperialists/ When, on
September 17, the Communist Red Army stabbed the Polish Forces
in the back, the same c agent* was now termed a * traitor of the
people.5 The Soviet's 5 Kosciuszko ? radio station, in spite of this, had
had the effrontery to discuss the topic of the Communists who had
* defended Warsaw ? r.gainst the Germans, The Kremlin was to revert
to the slogans of  patriotism * in its propaganda when it realised that
there wcis no suitable element in Poland from which to form the nucleus
of a Communist organisation for their future action,, and when, after the
lightning and unexpected retreat from that country in 1941., they had
been in desperate need of a tool to serve their purpose.
The Soviets invariably considered an action in the resr of the enemy
to be a vital factor of the war in any country they were attacking. When,
therefore, it became clear that Sikorski and the Polish Army in the U.S.S.R.
would not be of any value in such an action, the Kremlin had to forge a
more suitable weapon for itself. So, at the end of February, 1943, the
Soviet Government, who permitted of no foreign organisation on its
territory (who refused to sanction even a club for the foreign corres-
pondents), and who did not allow any Soviet organisation, even the
Russian Red Cross, to have contact with any similar institution abroad,
discovered and boosted up the independentf Union of the Polish Patriots.'
It was not long before the Soviet radio was claiming that this * Union *
expressed * the genuine opinion of the Polish people.3 Since no organisa-
tion could exist in Russia, independent of the Com.Tnun.ist Party, it must,
in fact, have been some off-spring of that same Party. There were two
remarkable and contradictory features regarding the formation of this
body. Firstly, according to the Soviet's own statement, it was composed
ofc Polish citizens,' yet under tie * law * proclaimed by the same Soviets
on November 29, 1939, all  former' Polish subjects residing in Russia
had become Russian citizens. After the Treaty of July, 1941, they
resurrected these Poles, only to re-bury them once more on December I,
1941, all of those at any rate of non-Polish blood. The Soviets in this
case applied Hitler's racial law or rather admitted the rule of Tsarist
bureaucracy, that only a Catholic could be a Pole and, even then, he must
prove he had Polish ancestors. Under the Soviet Note of January 16,
1943, however, even those who could prove they were Poles had once
again been forcibly re-made into Russian citizens. Yet the Kremlin, had
been able to produce * Polish citizens * to form its * Union of Polish
451,'